18 – 19 September 2017
Kuala Lumpur





How to measure and reduce the environmental footprint of lead and lead batteries

Alistair Davidson
International Lead Association
Director Products and Sustainability

Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is becoming an increasingly important and widespread tool for determining the environmental footprint of products. This presentation will discuss a new project of the International Lead Association (ILA) that will use LCA to calculate the environmental footprint of lead batteries in Europe and North America. This exercise will cover the whole life-cycle of a lead batt... more info

Initiatives to improve the environmental performance of the lead and lead battery industries in China

Yeo Lin
Zhejiang University
Professor - School of Public Affairs, Director - Industrial Development Research Center

This presentation will provide a brief overview of the recent policy changes adopted by the Chinese government to monitor, control and reduce the levels of lead exposure and pollution caused by production of lead–acid batteries (LABs) and their collection and recycling after use. An outline will then be given of the legislation recently introduced in China and requires LAB manufacturers to adop... more info

Latest technology and innovations of recycling systems

Robert Wirtz
WIRTZ Manufacturing Company Inc.
Director of Engineering

Lead‒acid batteries are one of the most recycled products in the world. With the ever-increasing demand for an environmental sound process, it is important for recycling facilities to be on the front end of leading technologies. The presentation reviews technology and innovations that render recycling systems more environmentally sound, maximize system up-time through robust engineering, and i... more info

Lead recycling industry in India — changing dimensions

Lakshmanan Pugazhenthy
India Lead Zinc Development Association
Executive Director

Despite the introduction of the Battery Management and Handling Rules in 2001 and their update in 2010, a large number of informal unlicensed and polluting recycling units of used lead–acid batteries (ULABs) are operating in India. As discussed in this presentation, to eliminate such operations, lead–acid battery retailers have been mandated by the national government to register with the loc... more info

Meeting the challenges of clean and green recycling of used lead–acid batteries in East Africa — A personal perspective

Athina Kyriakopoulou
Phenix Battery Recycling
CEO & Founder

East Africa (Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania) currently has three operating smelters that, collectively, process 3000 t of used lead–acid batteries (ULABs) per month. The capacity of these plants does not currently serve the market size. Specifically, the rapid expansion of rural off-grid solar sales across the region have caused a step-change in the number of imported LABs. Moreover, the ... more info

Methods and procedures to improve the results of occupational blood lead reduction

Daniel P Askin
ESCA Tech, inc.
President & Technical Director

The regulatory pressure to reduce occupational exposure among workers in the lead industry continues. For example, there are proposals in several US states to limit worker blood lead levels to a maximum of 20 micro grams per decilitre or less (equal to 1 micro mole per litre or 200 micro grams per litre). The presentation will provide a brief review of the fundamentals of a blood lead reduction ... more info

Prospects for secondary lead production inside and outside China

Huw Roberts
CHR Metals Limited

When market commentators discuss the outlook for the lead market and prices, the focus is often on mine production. This has been especially true over the past year or so in the wake of mine closures due to reserve depletion, tightening environmental standards in China, and Glencore’s cuts. What is sometimes overlooked is the fact that secondary lead production is, today, far more important th... more info

Recycling lead in China

Dong Li
Leoch Battery Pte. Ltd.
Chairman, Board of Directors

The presentation introduces the lead recycling industry in China, together with an analysis of the recycling of used lead–acid batteries in China. The development trends for the industry, as dictated by government policy, and the market status are both examined. The former is increasingly influential on the operations of the lead recycling industry because the government has been issuing guide... more info

Spectrometry and its application in the lead industry

Mukund Pant
Metal Power

Secondary lead processing contributes the vast majority of lead production. Nonetheless, the process does carry its own unique challenges that place a special need for testing and quality assurance. Unlike primary processing, secondary lead processing uses a vast array of feed material that includes lead–acid batteries, cable coverings, pipes, sheets and lead coated, or terne-coated steel. Ev... more info

Technological Advancement of Secondary Lead Production in South America with a Focus on Brazil

Almir Trindade
Antares Reciclagem

Matheus Carvalho
Antares Reciclagem
International P&D and International Relations

Currently, Brazil does not have a primary lead production due to the depletion of its galena mines. As a result, the entire Brazilian production line is now derived from two secondary sources of recycling and/or imports. After the Basel Convention, lead–acid batteries were classified as hazardous waste and their international trade was affected. Consequently, there was a significant impact on... more info