18 – 19 September 2017
Kuala Lumpur


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Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is becoming an increasingly important and widespread tool for determining the environmental footprint of products. This presentation will discuss a new project of the International Lead Association (ILA) that will use LCA to calculate the environmental footprint of lead batteries in Europe and North America. This exercise will cover the whole life-cycle of a lead battery, from mining and primary and secondary lead production, to battery manufacture and use through to end-of-life recycling. The first phase covering lead mining and primary and secondary production has recently been competed, and the results will be discussed, including the favourable impact that lead battery recycling has on the results. Phase two of the project will involve collecting data for battery manufacture and use for both automotive, industrial and energy-storage applications. This phase is expected to be completed by Q2 2018. In the third and final phase, will compare the data collected for lead batteries with LCAs for other battery technologies such as lithium-ion. The results of this study are vital in all areas of ILA’s strategy, for example, regulatory work such as the End-of-Life Vehicle (ELV) Directive and the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) regulation, the US communication project, and ALABC’s Technical Communication Program.


Alistair Davidson
International Lead Association
Director Products and Sustainability

Alistair Davidson attended the University of Oxford as an undergraduate and obtained a PhD in High Pressure Chemistry of Explosives at the University of Edinburgh. He has worked at ILA for eight years, and manages the Association’s sustainability work and regulatory issues related to production/processing and products. He also coordinates the activities of the European Lead Sheet Industry Association.